Saturday, 23 May 2020

FRONT PAGE AND INDEX




I took this photo in 2012 and typical of what you expect of a atrorubens photo: B.Yorke  (Click over to enlarge)

"Flowers of a purple colour (both petal and sepal), flowers to two sides of the stem only, a purple stem, leaves opposite one another and at a sharp upright angle etc etc.  But things don't always turn out like that! so please carry on and read these pages and then you may (or may not find) norm even MORE fascinating" One thing is for sure IT IS A EVER CHANGING STORY.......OF BOTH DEVELOPMENT AND INTRIGUE.


These pages have been started to share with you my research notes together with regular reports of what is happening with the beautiful plants the "EPIPACTIS ATRORUBENS" and E. Helleborine's which choose to have their home on at Hutton Roof Crags. I am currently collating all the information and including much more on a regular basis (more so during the Orchid season itself, so please keep coming back to check us out.   

It is such a pleasure to share with you photos and information and should you wish to contact me with questions or anything else please don't hesitate my email address is:  epipactisatrorubens@gmail.com

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Please click over the indexed items below (shown in red) to go straight to what you want to read or just scroll down if that's what you prefer.


Hutton Roof Crags and it's Reserves - A Short history how it got it's status - together with how many orchids do we have  

Help with the Identification of our nationally rare "hybrid" between the Dark Red Helleborine and  the Broad Leaved Helleborine
which is called "EPIPACTIS SCHMALHAUSENEII"

to include a sketch showing comparisons between atrorubens, helleborine and schmalhauseneii
also a mention of and samples of using denticulation as a "supportive!" aide with identification.

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The four natural predators of our orchids  (complete)

Beware of Ticks (factsheets)

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Lovely Plants - Straight Atrorubens

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Bicolor Lemon-Petalled Atroruben varieties (at least 2 varieties)

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Lutescens/Albiflora (A pallid form of atrorubens) (complete)

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Pallens and Lutescens (pallid forms of atrorubens) (complete)

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Plants with White or Cream Epichile/Boss etc

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Variagated plants (variety of helleborine) (complete)

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Chlorantha (variety of helleborine) (complete)

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Purpurea (variety of helleborine)  (complete)

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The Westmorlandii (E.phyllanthes poss confusa) (complete)

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Epipactis Schmalhauseneii (the hybrid itself)

includes: Specimen 8,9,9a,10,15,16,70
also resulting "weak twisted stem specimens which maybe F1"


Interesting plants to get to the bottom of

Unanswered situations
Interesting unusual specimens
Specimens still not classified and the verdict is out!

Cages and Protection for Orchids

Early Purple Orchid - Gallery (Hutton Roof)

Fly Orchid - Gallery (Hutton Roof)

Common Spotted Orchid - Gallery (Hutton Roof)

Green Winged Orchid - Gallery (Silverdale)

Diary Pages 2017

Diary Pages 2018

Diary Pages 2019 

Diary Pages 2020



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My beloved Hutton Roof,
A special place for Epipactis and a place where
The straight forward has become the rarity
And the rarity has become the norm.

Rubens or Borines which do you want?
A Schmalhauseneii mix for you Sir!
Today can be the purple wash,
Tomorrow can be the green wash.

But we have some green ovary specials,
With a brownier flower to bear and stare,
Called No.9, 9a,9b,9c and so on and on and on
And away until they are gone!

We have some Lemon Petalled beauties,
Small, mediums and largest and blessed,
Green stems or purple stems we have the mix,
Stunning our pupil since 2014 that’s young

What about a Palens Ma’am,
In Lutescens mix or you can have a green cream flavour,
Both are staring “wimperley” but this is only part
Of a start of something far more special.

Here we have the very first on English soil I am told,
Called “Albiflora” and what a little gem it was
It lacks a lot of colour dear “Albi” green and  white,
I even looked through transparency at some of its sight!

Make a path to the bottom of this hill
Where flowers of purpurea live out their days,
It’s a sort of red wine colour they display some years,
Darker with canopy, lighter with sun.

To my North I can see a Helleborine change
Which is so pale and bright!
Often called a special or by name
Viridiflora’s sight.

(Poem I wrote July 2016)

Wednesday, 20 May 2020

Diary pages for 2020



Monday 6th July 2020

I checked out 17a again because I wanted to check out the leaf denticulation.

PLEASE COME BACK SOON MORE WILL BE ADDED OVER THE COMING HOURS....


Saturday 4th July 2020

9a or Pallens 2



9o



17a
(Below) Always been a interesting plant
the two left photos were taken yesterday but the two to the right (taken in 2019) shows the plant with leaf compression and also note the change in stem appearance going from hairy to smooth in the right hand photo. I also have the photo from 2018 when I can find it.  It purely comes through has leaf compression with stem and no flowers. 





70c

(Below) 70c has been established in this profile to my knowledge at least 5 years. I visit it everyear and in all circumstances it usually its inflorescence falls victim to browsing before any flowers get chance to show. I would love to get some feedback on this eg: what do you think this is and why?



17x



17d (pmg)



55 (unsure)





Thursday 2nd July 2020

Escarp West 93


Epipactis atrorubens Escarp West 93
2nd July 2020

Escarp West 92


Epipactis atrorubens bicolor specimen Escarp W 92
Hutton Roof - 2nd July 2020

Escarp 18b and 18c


Escarp 18b and 18c on 2nd July 2020

Escarp 18a


Escarp 18a - atroruben
Photo: Hutton Roof 2nd July 2020

Escarp 18a - atroruben
Photo: Hutton Roof 2nd July 2020

Escarp 18a - atroruben
Photo: Hutton Roof 2nd July 2020

Escarp 18a - atroruben
Photo: Hutton Roof 2nd July 2020

Escarp 7b

(Below) 7b is probably a hybrid (Schmalhauseneii|), a very interesting plant and from a interesting area which does have plenty of helleborines and hybrids close to hand. It does look very much like introgression may well have taken place with this plant looking at the basal and lower broad leaf profile.


Escarp 7b
Hutton Roof - 2nd July 2020

Escarp 7a


Escarp 7a atrorubens

Hutton Roof on 2nd July 2020


55m
55n probable hybrid
Hutton Roof on 2nd July 2020

55v
(Below) 55v is a beauty and comes out from the Juniper close to all the other 55s. This plant does have wide and fluffy bosses almost filling up the epichile


Epipactis atrorubens
Photo: Hutton Roof 2nd July 2020

Escarp 8a




Pallens 3 (Escarp 8)

(Below) is our old Pallens 3 returned after two years absent. For now we will settle for a variety but for me this could well be in doubt, who really knows!


Escarp 8 or Pallens 3 
2nd July 2020

55u
(Below) long established always shows as possible hybrid with light green stem and bicolor flower


Probable hybrid with bicolor flowers
Hutton Roof on 2nd July 2020



Tuesday 30th June 2020

Where do I start?  Lots of nice orchids have been taken down with Brown Hares at both sides of the pavements, never noticed any problem this year with deer, although I know they are never far away, because I can hear them barking every now and again, but this year its nearly all down to Brown Hare predation. Nothing like past years, this year they are just going for everything! I have noted that they seem to have a preference for atrorubens over helleborine and in 90% of cases it will be atrorubens whilst leaving nearby helleborines. 

Some of the plants are already showing signs of going over and I reckon the best is with us right now and maybe it will be OK for another week or so with others and then thats it.

One thing I am really happy about is that we have got lots of low vigour type (or small stature) "Light Green" stemmed plants which I would say are all hybrids, although the light green stems is the only clue you get! in the majority of cases, But for me, I am quite satisfied personally to what this represents, any more clues would just be a nice bonus.. but with these low vigour plants you really do not get much more than a light green stem, I'll bet I must have counted over 40 of these beauties today, and thats just the ones in flower at the moment. 

Here now are some of todays (30th June 2020) specials.....

Escarp West brown 91a
(Below) is a very interesting population and there are several in a small cluster that show this beautiful brown on the sepals. This is not unknown to me I also have others on the far side of the pavement probably some 500 yards to the SE.

Unusual. 



Escarp West brown 91
(Below) is a very interesting population and there are several in a small cluster that show this beautiful brown on the sepals. This is not unknown to me I also have others on the far side of the pavement probably some 500 yards to the SE.
Unusual. 







Escarp 18b and 18c (duo)
(Below) a lovely duo thought to be a hybrid


Escarp 18b and 18c (duo) thought to be hybrids

Photo: Hutton Roof on 30th June 2020


Escarp 8a

Escarp 8a atrorubens bicolor

Hutton Roof on 30th June 2020

Escarp 18a

(Below) a lovely tall classic atroruben, showing purple sepal and pink/yellow petal


Atrorubens Escarp 18a
Photo: 30th June 2020


Atrorubens Escarp 18a
Photo: 30th June 2020

Atrorubens Escarp 18a

Photo: 30th June 2020

Atrorubens Escarp 18a

Photo: 30th June 2020

41

(Below) a lovely hybrid has fallen victim to Brown Hare - note the "angled chop"




Another low-vigour hybrid (from 55s)

Below is another probable low-vigour hybrid shielded with the rare Rigid Buckler Fern, showing a plant which is very bent over etc.  This sort of profile is seen regular especially amongst these hybrids. It sometimes makes me wonder if perhaps they are F2 



(Below) Low-vigour presumed hybrid from 55 populations

Example of occasional probable low-vigour hybrid showing basal and lower leaves from 55s population, note the wide and "roundness" of the leaves which also become more keeled as one ascends the stem



From 55s population presumed low-vigour hybrid with its basal and lower leaves

55s


55s atrorubens - bicolor
Hutton Roof on 30th June 2020

55r


55r Atrorubens - bicolor

Photo: Hutton Roof on 30th June 2020

55q


Atrorubens 55q with white epichile and bosses
Photo: Hutton Roof on 30th June 2020

37a

(Below) is 37a a lovely classic atrorubens. You meet him when I gain entry to the pavement. A tall plant. Photo taken 30th June 2020


Atrorubens
Photo: 30th June 2020


Atrorubens - bicolor for now!
Possible hybrid
Photo: Hutton Roof on 30th June 2020

33k


Atrorubens
Photo: Hutton Roof 30th June 2020

33j


33k thought to be a low-vigour hybrid
Photo: Hutton Roof on 30th June 2020

55


55 atrorubens - bicolor for now
Photo: Hutton Roof on 30th June 2020


55o


55o Atrorubens - bicolor with light epichile and bosses
Photo: 30th June 2020 - Hutton Roof.


55o Atrorubens - bicolor with light epichile and bosses

Photo: 30th June 2020 - Hutton Roof.


55o Atrorubens - bicolor with light epichile and bosses

Photo: 30th June 2020 - Hutton Roof.

Keep coming back I have only just started loading......it will take a day or two with all the stuff I got today and there are some real beauties so please come back soon.... 

Friday 26th June 2020

Its becoming familiar that we have lost lots of our tall vigourous E. helleborines, along with NOW most of our tall vigourous hybrids. Thankfully we still have numerous intermediate and smaller hybrids and classics which are doing OK. But years of local evolution has been wrecked (at least temporarily) because of drought weather we experienced from both 2018 and again to a lesser extent earlier this year 2020.

I am fairly confident that the reasons we are suffering these great losses is in the majority of cases down to the weather patterns. Too hot and shortages of water at the wrong times!


Eg: the worst of the weather was back in 2018 with a drought leading up to the orchids showing. May in particular and again when the orchids came through in June, most of them were showing signs of dehydration with either showing signs of burn, or being stunted and a lot of them kept their bent over inflorescence and stems and never straightened which in turn just withered away and caused by water starvation resulting in premature dieback.


This 2018 situation has never really left us and we are still paying for it and the orchids are still suffering from the consequences. It caused quite a lot of plants to go into a stunted situation during both 2019 and again this year 2020. Beside the stunted situation lots have just given up the ghost for now! this includes the majority of our prime hybrid specimens. Some plants which were normally seen at about 2ft and greater and now coming through at only 12" or similar.


And this year 2020, the plants are suffering yet again with the added problem of no water during the months of April and May when their need was at its most, so again this situation and in some cases combined with the 2018 historic problems are still with us.


Our Pallens (light forms) are also suffering this year with what I can only guess is of similar to what I have already mentioned above. Several have not even come through this year.


Now then thats enough I want to show you the nice things! and here we are from this morning.....

Well here is Pallens 4 today, 4a stopped at seedling stage, 5 never shown and 5a stopped at seedling stage (so thats 3 down already this year, so I must nurture this one well! Out of the four this one is the only well established of them all and perhaps that as something to do with its survival.

It was also noticed today that during the past 48 hours 40b has succumb to Brown Hare actually taken of the inflorescence through the cage, but 40a is still OK on 26th June 2020. These wide mesh cages are no good against hares they have got used to them so all can be used but now need to re-inforce around the structure with chicken wire.

Noticed E. helleborine "Chlorantha" is coming through OK this year.

41a





30




Escarp 90a
(Below) Well excited about finding this one today. A beautiful bicolor with lots more of its family to follow on over the coming days.






Pallens 4
(Below) is Pallens 4 which has been established
 at least four years


Atrorubens - Var Pallens
Photo: Hutton Roof on 26th June 2020


Atrorubens - Var Pallens
Photo: Hutton Roof on 26th June 2020


 Atrorubens - Var Pallens
Photo: Hutton Roof on 26th June 2020


33
33 has always been a beauty, a bicolor with a lovely white/cream epichile, with a little showing of apple green.



Specimen 33 - bicolor with white epichile
Photo: Hutton Roof on 26th June 2020


Specimen 33 - bicolor with white epichile
Photo: Hutton Roof on 26th June 2020


Specimen 33 - bicolor with white epichile
Photo: Hutton Roof on 26th June 2020


Specimen 33 - bicolor with white epichile
Photo: Hutton Roof on 26th June 2020

55c


The beautiful 55c atrorubens bicolor
Photo: Hutton Roof on 26th June 2020


The beautiful 55c atrorubens bicolor
Photo: Hutton Roof on 26th June 2020

The beautiful 55c atrorubens bicolor
Photo: Hutton Roof on 26th June 2020


The beautiful 55c atrorubens bicolor
Photo: Hutton Roof on 26th June 2020

The beautiful 55c atrorubens bicolor
Photo: Hutton Roof on 26th June 2020

The beautiful 55c atrorubens bicolor
Photo: Hutton Roof on 26th June 2020

Wednesday 24th June 2020

Here are more photographs from today





33
(Below) is a bicolor and possible hybrid ? 33 which always comes through with a very light epichile and light bosses


41a
(Below) is a little beauty which is almost alongside the 41. Found as new today



75




Monday 22nd June 2020

33i

(Below) Starting off today with this little beauty which is new this year and knowing the history of the area is probably another low-vigour hybrid


33i - probably a low vigour hybrid
22nd June 2020 - Hutton Roof


33i - probably a low vigour hybrid
22nd June 2020 - Hutton Roof

33c

33C - Bicolor
23rd June 2020 - Hutton Roof

33a and 33b 
(Below) is 33a and 33b which come through as a Duo and bicolor


33a bicolor
23rd June 2020 - Hutton Roof


33a and 33b duo - bicolor
23rd June 2020 - Hutton Roof

55N
55n - Bicolor
22nd June 2020


55n bicolor
23rd June 2020 - Hutton Roof

41 (variagated area)

(Below) is 41 a new plant this year 2020, a beauty and thought to be a hybrid. It is very close within 3ft to the old "variagated" and in close proximity to both E.helleborine and E.atrorubens. 15" 25 flowers/buds - Photo taken on 22nd June 2020


41 on 22nd June 2020


41 on 22nd June 2020


40c (below)


40c on 22nd June 2020

40c on 22nd June 2020

15f
(Below) 15f is a beauty just starting to come through, it has been there for many years but normally gets predated before you see it's splendour. Considered a hybrid. Photo taken 22nd June 2020.


15L thought to be a hybrid

15L thought to be a hybrid

Escarp 17 (below)




Escarp 18
(Below) this is a beauty which is a bicolor specimen. 





Escarp West No.1
(Below) Another beauty to get ready for, strong light green stem indicating possible introgression



17L
(Below) is a long established plant, although this year it bears very few flowers. Always has a strong hyperchromic look to it





17W - bicolor






From the 70s population

(Below) Now this is what I sometimes dont like about Mr. Brown Hare, were he snips and leaves part of the stem and the inflorescence dangling... 



From the 9s population

(Below) this looks very interesting and comes from the 9s population which has so many specimens with introgression.  Here is a example of a stem which shows two colours eg: a classic atrorubens purple, yet there is introgression of probable helleborine showing its light green stem


9m
This is one I found a few days ago and probably at it's very best. Photo taken on 22nd June 2020.





60
(Below) this is a new finding this year although I'll bet its been around for sometime. Its certainly a beauty with that brownish general look to it. 

Specimen 60


Specimen 60

Found this beauty today, very browny colour and lies about 16ft from "Split"


Friday 19th June 2020

(Below) The first up today was 33C which is a bicolor from the
33 population, in fact it is about 4ft to the SE of 33.
The epichile is pink, so totally different to 33 which is white.


Above is Specimen 33C Atrorubens - bicolor
Photo: Hutton Roof on 19th June 2020


Above is Specimen 33C Atrorubens - bicolor
Photo: Hutton Roof on 19th June 2020

Above is Specimen 33C Atrorubens - bicolor
Photo: Hutton Roof on 19th June 2020


(below) Next up was a beauty I have just found and within 10ft N of 55, and this one is coming up through some established Juniper, the specimen takes on the slot of 55n (bicolor)

55n Atrorubens - bicolor
Photo: Hutton Roof on 19th June 2020

 55n Atrorubens - bicolor
Photo: Hutton Roof on 19th June 2020


55n Atrorubens - bicolor
Photo: Hutton Roof on 19th June 2020

55n Atrorubens - bicolor
Photo: Hutton Roof on 19th June 2020


55n Atrorubens - bicolor
Photo: Hutton Roof on 19th June 2020


55n Atrorubens - bicolor
Photo: Hutton Roof on 19th June 2020


Below is the updates on 40b (bicolor)


Atrorubens specimen 40b bicolor
Photo: Hutton Roof on 19th June 2020 


Atrorubens specimen 40b bicolor
Photo: Hutton Roof on 19th June 2020 


Atrorubens specimen 40b bicolor
Photo: Hutton Roof on 19th June 2020 



Below is Escarp 17 Atrorubens bicolor


Escarp 17 Atrorubens - bicolor
Photo: Hutton Roof on 19th June 2020 


Escarp 17 Atrorubens - bicolor
Photo: Hutton Roof on 19th June 2020 

Escarp 17 Atrorubens - bicolor
Photo: Hutton Roof on 19th June 2020 

Below: Now for a update on 9M


Epipactis atrorubens 9M
Photo: Hutton Roof 19th June 2020



 Epipactis atrorubens 9M
Photo: Hutton Roof 19th June 2020


Epipactis atrorubens 9M
Photo: Hutton Roof 19th June 2020

Epipactis atrorubens 9M
Photo: Hutton Roof 19th June 2020

Epipactis atrorubens 9M
Photo: Hutton Roof 19th June 2020

And Now for 71


Epipactis atrorubens - bicolor
Photo: Hutton Roof on 19th June 2020 


Epipactis atrorubens - bicolor

Photo: Hutton Roof on 19th June 2020 

Wednesday 17th June 2020

Lovely to find out that specimen 74 (hybrid) is finally starting to show, it is normally one of the last to flower, but this past two previous years it has been struggling with the dry weather and showed stunted and premature die-back, so hopefully this year it will be OK.  Photos in a week or two.

__________________________



(above) 40b on 17th June 2020 

40b on 17th June 2020 


40b on 17th June 2020 

Above is 40b which for me is spectacular and always the first opener. In its make up eg: cream epichile with a touch of apple green on the midrib. Not many fit that bill but we have a full population which are about 200 yards away eg: 33 population which admirably DO......nuff sed!


Epipactis atrorubens specimen 9M
Photo: Hutton Roof on 17th June 2020


Epipactis atrorubens specimen 9M
Photo: Hutton Roof on 17th June 2020


Epipactis atrorubens specimen 9M
Photo: Hutton Roof on 17th June 2020


Specimen 17K1 and 17K2 (hybrid)

Victim of Brown Hare sometime around the 15th June 2020


Epipactis atrorubens possible hybrid 11c

This is a interesting plant and although 200 yards away does have very strong resemblance in many ways to the 11s population. I show here the plant amongst three classic atrorubens.




This one above now named 33J is a new one just coming through this year, it lies about 6ft to the NW of 33 (hybrid). Again this population 33 is forever throwing up the beautiful small light green plants considered to be possibe Low vigour hybrid. This so far makes about 6 of them over the past two years. 

There will hopefully be more in the coming days...

Monday 15th June 2020

"Some nice "Pallid experiences"


No.40b Atrorubens bicolor -  a light flowering plant with a white epichile with that apple green, always 7-10 days earlier than others
Photo: Hutton Roof on 15th June 2020.


No.40b a light flowering plant, always 7-10 days earlier than others

Photo: Hutton Roof on 15th June 2020.

Above: Specimen 40b (bicolor) is the very first to flower as usual, it's always about 7 days previous to other early specimens. It's a light looking inflorescence showing some bicolor influence with the part yellow petals together with a white/cream and apple green stained epichile whilst retaining a classic light red bosses.

Started checking the 33s and I was happy to find the new less vigour 33i hybrid is doing OK (see photo below).


Epipactis specimen 33i - possible low vigour hybrid
Photo: Hutton Roof on 15th June 2020




Although the above plant (33i) may look large in this photo it is only about 10" tall. You will note it is a light green stem and possibly considered that it may well be a low vigour hybrid. 

I don't feel too confident on our Pallens No.7 (Rich Mielcarek). I noticed it had somehow got caught up in the grass, and although I removed the grass to free it, was rather limp and showed slight indentation on the stem. It got a bonus drink and was straightened out for now, so it really is fingers crossed this year. Below a photo to show you how it looked today.



This photo gives you an idea of the pallid differences from a nearby classic atrorubens



From the 55s (above), usually a nice specimen, but this year looks like everything has gone into the leaves.



(above) is a very light specimen and called 55m and today it is about 6" high.


Moving on to the Pallens 4,4a,5 and 5a.
The only one which has come through as yet is Pallens 4 the toughest and most established of the four. 
Brown Hare has been a problem yet again and now also took down 69 and 69a (both considered to be hybrids), also some 17s gone missing. 


Epipactis atrorubens Pallens 4
Photo: Hutton Roof 15th June 2020


A nice helleborine in the 15s area
Photo: Hutton Roof on 15th June 2020



(above) not shown for the past two years and now Escarp 12 is coming through, but which one is it?





This is the most beautiful Escarp 13 which is one of the robust bicolors, but sadly the plant has already subdued plenty of nibbling etc, but checking it through it seems to have come through it and over the next two weeks we will get a better picture.




(above) is the beautiful "Lutescens" or Pallens 3
It is really great to see it doing well



(above) is a light specimen from the 9s population.
A area full of light specimens and hybrids.

*********************

Tuesday 9th June 2020

I would guess that the first atroruben flowers will be showing in about 10 days time.

It was a rather mixed picture today. Lots of the plants are doing fine and look great, but there are such a lot of small "stumpy" plants coming through as well.

Quite a lot (of no-necks) are coming through with a direct vertical inflorescence from the word go and I will show examples of this in the photos below.  This looks particularly strange on small 3" plants that show a budded inflorescence and yet pointing up to the sky, without first going through the head bent over before straightening process which we are used to. This is certainly not regular in the quantities I am seeing it, and can only presume it has something to do with the historic and more recent dry weather we have had. 

Here (below) is a strange looking plant which seemed to be all bract and nothing showing in the way of buds


Epipactis atrorubens
Photo: Hutton Roof on 9th June 2020


Epipactis atrorubens from the 17s population
showing signs of leaf shrinking
Hutton Roof 9th June 2020
(Please click over image to enlarge)


Epipactis atrorubens - 9s population
Photo: Hutton Roof 9th June 2020

Epipactis atrorubens - 9s population
Photo: Hutton Roof 9th June 2020

Another point of special interest for me today, was to notice just how well formed and advanced the Epipactis helleborine were and this is how it is in most years by now.


Epipactis schmalhauseneii 33 and E. atrorubens bicolor 33a and 33b

All doing well and several new plants belonging to the 33 population are coming through.  This next one is new and looking at it so far presuming it will be one of the less vigorous hybrids, but obviously will know better in another fortnight.


 possible Epipactis schmalhauseneii 33i - low vigour
Photo: Hutton Roof 9th June 2020


possible Epipactis schmalhauseneii 33i - low vigour
Photo: Hutton Roof 9th June 2020

The 33 population is well known for throwing up at least 2 other of the low vigour small possible hybrids and this new one will be yet another addition to the family. It looks very interesting and will hopefully be able to be determined in a fortnight. 


Epipactis atrorubens - bicolor
Hutton Roof - 9th June 2020

This is a very special plant E.atrorubens bicolor Specimen 66, which usually comes through on a light green stem and cream coloured epichile and bosses.


Epipactis atrorubens bicolor specimen 55
Photo: Hutton Roof on 9th June 2020

This is the very rare 55 which has re-appeared after a absence of one year and is doing well.


Epipactis atrorubens var Pallens No.4 and 4a
Hutton Roof on 9th June 2020

Above you see two pallens, the large one at the back is Specimen 4 (established 3 years) and showing well, but a little more worrying is 4a which is about a third back from the front of the photo.  This small specimen does not seem to have progressed in over one week.


Epipactis atrorubens Pallens 5a
Photo: Hutton Roof on 9th June 2020

After a further check specimen 5 has not come through this time and looking at the strange looking 5a (above), I am not sure how this is going to turn out.


Epipactis atrorubens bicolor specimen 40,40a
Photo: Hutton Roof on 9th June 2020 

This (above) is the best it has looked for about 3 years, a very special bicolor specimen with a strong purple stem.



Above is 15c and a new 15d growing alongside


A nice nearby E. Helleborine which is always a good specimen and is now about
12", but tends to suffer greatly because it does not have canopy and fully exposed

Another point of special interest for me today, was to notice just how well formed and advanced the Epipactis helleborine were and this is how it is in most years by now.

I particularly checked out the E. helleborine which always comes up next to the "Westmorlandii" and yes the helleborine was there at about 4".  So I then felt it necessary to check all around the hazel tree to see if I could find anything and nothing is showing as yet.

But the interesting thing is, it probably goes a long way to support the fact that the Westmorlandii plant is phyllanthes, because if the Westmorlandii was an aberrant E. helleborine it would or should be showing something by now in line with all the other helleborines. Our Westmorlandii never appears before mid July which is yet another factor in the support of phyllanthes.



(Above) A very very pleasant surprise today to note that Escarp 11 and 12 (both hybrids)
have eventually come through. Both these
two are deep colour (hyperchromic) look.


(above) This is Escarp 12 (hybrid) which has just started to show after being missing for
two years on account of the drought



 (above) Escarp 7 and 7a - Epipactis atrorubens




Well this is the most beautiful Escarp 13 (bicolor) which is usually one of the
two most striking of bicolors.  I thought last week we had lost him with rodents
keep having a bash, but he seems to have overcome and is on the mend.


Escarp 8 which is a superb bicolor specimenand today I will call him "No Neck"




The photos above show the rare Lutescens (Pallens 3) coming through well this year. Its been missing the past two years because of the 2018 drought and undermining the roostock with ants which live under the close by brown stone you can see in the photo.



Nice Escarp classic atrorubens, showing the differences in inflorescence this year eg: left is normal and to the right is "No Neck" which is not regular.



Above is Specimen 17d (or PMG)


Here is one of our best hybrids 17K which has been taken down


This is brilliant news to note that hybrids 70 and 70a are eventually coming through and so I know we are in for a treat.


Another hybrid showing their faces is Specimen 69 and 69a.
Its a good little area with several surrounding E. Helleborines like the ones you see in the next photo.


Two beautiful Helleborines coming through within a metre of hybrid Specimen 69 and 69a (9th June 2020)





Our No.2 victim this year has arrived with 11a one of our best hybrids having been nibbled off! (9th June 2020)



This is 9a (or Pallens No.2) which I thought we had lost this year, but eventually it is coming through


This is Schmal No.11 which has been coming through now for at least 6 years and seems to be doing OK, but surprised to see its mate within a few inches away has already been nibbled off yet they have left this one. 



************************************



Saturday 30th May 2020

I checked out my study patch today and was very pleased with the way most of the orchids were progressing, however at the same time rather disappointed at the many losses we seem to be getting this year.

I can't recall ever being in such a position were we have lost so many of our prized orchids. I am absolutely sure this will be down to long term issues resulting from the 2018 drought, which ever since the event has been responsible for premature die-back and stunted plants in that same year and the following year. And now looking at all the strong plants gone missing this year (2020).  

For example:
33G (bicolor), Pallens 5, 15a (hybrid) 15b (hybrid), 74 (bicolor), Escarp 11 (hybrid), Escarp 12 (hybrid), 17 (hybrid), 17n (hybrid?), 17p (hybrid?), 70 (hybrid), 70a (hybrid), 9 or Pallens 2, (Total of 13 special plants gone for now!) 

Special prominent plants that have come back with us this year after being absent for one or more years include:

55 (bicolor), 15c (hybrid), Escarp 8 (Pallen/Lutescens) Total of 3 special plants returned with us after absence. 

I am now convinced that the problems in the main have been due to long term effects still with us from the 2018 drought.  Yet now it is possible that they may be compounded with this follow up dry weather we are experiencing during May/early June 2020. So lets hope we get plenty of rain over the coming week or two. 

I started off checking out some Fly Orchids. One lies immediately under the Juniper bush, this one is OK but certainly much smaller than usual, it has flowered but the plant is only about 3". I did find one other in the shallow grykes, but two have gone missing this year.



Above) This was a nice atrorubens specimen quite close to the Juniper near the - Fly Orchids





The above photos show a lovely strong atroruben specimen up by the initial "Helleborine" start area.
Moving on to the 33 Population - a excellent bicolor specimen has not come through from the rear of the hazel bush (see photo below).



I need to map out, each time I take photos and make notes or I will forget what relates to what. This is the 33 population showing the main players 33,33a,33b and the two small lined areas indicate the small schmals (not vigorous, in fact quite the opposite) 



This photo shows the 33 population area with Schmal 33 in the cage on the right hand, and bicolors 33b and 33c in the cage to the bottom left hand of the hazel tree. The smaller cage to the LH holds a small less vigorous Schmal.



Above is Schmal 33 (uncaged) a lovely
hybrid which usually shows a white/cream epichile and bosses.



The above are Specimen 33b and 33c which are both fine examples of Atrorubens - bicolor



This specimen from the 33 population is thought to be a hybrid of the less vigour club.  It is a little beauty of no more than 10" and grows at about 8ft in a NW of Schmal 33.

Now we are moving on to the next populations which are 55 and 66 (both predominately strong atroruben bicolors



This plant is a long term favourite and quite unique. The plant is coming through well and seems happy placed next to its comrade the Juniper bush. I have in the past used this particular plant to demonstrate one angle of the "bicolor" variety, showing the rare added feature of it being on a light green stem together with epichile and bosses of a cream colour



This is showing the area were Specimen bicolor 66 resides quite close to its Juniper neighbour.



(above) Still with the 55 populations we have our Pallens specimen 7 (or Rich M)



above is a beautiful bicolor specimen which resides within a metre of (Rich M)



This is a very special atrorubens which was found damaged in 2018 having been trampled or rotted from the roostock and then never came through during 2019. So to see this one in 2020 is great news. It is one of the two finest of our "bicolor" varieties. In the past it has been 20" high and bearing 40 flowers.




This shows the special little plant named specimen 55L which is on its own and grows to about 10" high and is a little beauty of a bicolor variety with the light epichile/boss feature which you can sometimes associate with the bicolor. 




Above are more from the 55s population.



Above: Shows a close up of the 55s population area



Now moving on across to our No 4 (top photos) and No 4a (bottom photos) Pallens
both seem to be doing OK....

Moving further across to check out No.5 and No.5a.  Sadly No.5 looks to be absent, although I am keeping my eye on a miniscule growth starting up, so all may not be lost as yet.  But (below) is showing No.5b



above: shows our beautiful 5a Pallens and alongside we have got the following duo (new this year)



Moving over, does anyone remember our variagated (humbug) E. Helleborine, well its come through again this year, but like last year very untidy and sprawled out (all in the leaf), whether it will do anything, I doubt it!






Here above are the pair of 40s coming through and showing the rare bicolor variety when mature. It's great to see these two, they have had it difficult in the last 3 years, twice having been grazed off by Brown Hare, and suffered in 2018 and again in 2019 with premature die-back half way through growing on account of drought weathers.

Next on I have reached a very prolific area with the 15s population. It's great to see that 15c has come through after a very turbulent history having been grazed off and drought attack, so two years on and its looking good, but it will need water very soon. 



Top left is how it looked yesterday (30th May) whilst the other photos are from 2017



Above - shows 15c at the forefront and gives you a idea of the immediate vicinity

Now some very sad news and that is that our special vigour hybrids specimen 15 and 15a have not come through this year.  Every year they struggle with Mr. Brown Hare grazing them off.  Here is a photo of how they have looked in years past.



Above: 15 and 15a in past years.

Now moving on and checking out Specimen 74 which was a bicolor and had a very light epichile and bosses which is regular with some of these bicolor varieties.  It's yet another one thats missing this year.  Again it has had a very turbulent couple of years with the drought in 2018 and followed by stunted growth in 2019.

Escarp 10 and 10a are doing fine, but Escarp 12 is missing now for it's 3rd year on the run, and this year also its neighbour 12a is also gone missing. 

Escarp 13 my special bicolor has again been attacked by something at the rootstock and I can just about see some green activity down in the bottom, so whether it can recover I will have to wait and see. In the meantime this plant gets a free drink of water.....

Some really good news (so far) is that Escarp 8 the rare Lutescens is coming through, although the ant infestation is still present and next to the orchid (under the brown stone in the photo). This is really good news because again the orchid has been missing in 2018 and 2019. Here is the latest photo below.

 

Moving right across the pavements now to the 17s population.




This is a cracking plant as you can see from the photo.  It is 17d (or PMG) and started off as a trio, but two years ago reverted down to a single plant.  Another with a very light epichile and bosses.



Another showing 17d or PMG with protection. Some of these special plants need it!



Schmal 17k always shows well and is tucked away by the side of a large boulder and surrounded by Limestone Fern



This one is 17v which is a superb bicolor

and resides close to a hazel tree and 
near to the previous 17k


Sadly I have noticed this year that Specimen No.17 is not showing at all. This was a beauty with a very light green stem and lovely flowers, see above for past photo.

Another of our special orchids has also not come through this year after a 4 year run is Specimen 70 which was considered a hybrid. Also Specimen 70a which started to show about two years ago has also gone missing.
Here is a photo below showing Specimen 70 (top photo) and beneath shows both 70 and 70a which are now both missing.








Pallens 9 - A very palid specimen but doing OK


The beautiful 9b is very special and coming along nicely

Schmal No.9 been attacked by rodent 



Last years branched atrorubens specimen, I wonder if
it will have gone back to normal this year?

*******

Wednesday 27th May 2020

This is Schmalhuaseneii No.1 which I found back in 2012 and resides in Lancelot Clark Storth (CWT). It looks a little bit bedraggled and certainly "thirsty". Well it got lucky! and received 1/3rd of my water bottle.....

I was well happy to see it (8 years on) because last year (2019) it never even showed and I thought perhaps we had lost it because of the 2018 draught, but these Hutton Roof hybrids are battlers!






Wednesday 20th May 2020


Very bright sunny day (warmest day of the year so far).
Its becoming obvious that the more vigorous specimens shown in the following photographs are in the main from hybrid, or robust bicolor specimens.

  Epipactis helleborine build usually come through first followed by the more robust forms of hybrids or Epipactis atrorubens 

The 33 population are doing fine, also pleased to see 55 is coming through this year (the tall bicolor) which having previously gone down a couple of years ago makes its return.

Pallens 4,4a,5,5a and 7 not yet showing. It's always the case that pallens varieties for some reason come through a little later than most.

15,15a,15c Schmals are all on their way but I must make sure to close the top of their cage because you know who has learnt to lean his head over to nibble off.

Our only Lutescens escarp 8 is as yet not showing, but this again is also late very similar to Pallens, also again ant infestation at roostock.

Bicolor just 20ft w of Lutescens coming through OK.

17s populations are generally doing OK and will make further obs this next week. 

9s populations doing OK, will put cages back in place over the coming weeks.

The branched epipactis specimen is coming through again, we will have to wait to see just how it turns out this year.

No signs yet and far too early for the "westmorlandii" but have if closely monitored.

A couple of Helleborines at first approach
Photo: 20th May 2020 Hutton Roof

 atrorubens (my first of the year) whilst on approach and next to Juniper
Photo: 20th May 2020

Nos 33b and 33c Atrorubens - bicolor
Photo: 20th May 2020 Hutton Roof

 This one I do remember it being a small (small in 2019) with very light features
and within a metre or so of 40a,40b.

 This one I do remember it being a small (small in 2019) with very light features
and within a metre or so of 40a,40b.


This just is a welcome surprise (on the left), its 15c (schmalhauseneii) which had over 60 plus flowers back in 2017 (photo on right) which was taken down by Brown Hare, Moving on and in 2018 it came through stunted
and early die-back because of the drought weather and sadly in 2019 it never even came through at all, so today is fabulous news. 


 This is one of the helleborines close to the 15s population
and would represent the average size of  most of the helleborines
Photo: 20th May 2020 - Hutton Roof

 A classic atrorubens named Escarp 7
Its another beauty from this particular population, 
I am sure it will get its spectacular colour on account of its canopy
Photo: 20th May 2020 - Hutton Roof

 Atrorubens - Bicolor
One of our strongest "bicolor" plants which is 20 yards away from our one and only Lutescens
Doing well - Photo 20th May 2020



Classic atrorubens on escarpment
Photo: 20th May 2020 - Hutton Roof

Another close-by atrorubens
on escarp 20th May 2020

 The above is the start of 17c (or PMG)
It started off with 3 separate grouped plants back in , but in 2017, but down to a double
by 2018 and down to a single by 2019.  I will post a photo of how it looked when it was
the trio (next photo)


This photo gives you some idea of how it looked as a trio.
Although today it is singular, it is very special in its make-up
Of a light form but not classed as a Pallens, yet lots of light features
these photos are from 2017


A fine classic atrorubens coming through in the 17 populations
Photo: 20th May 2020 - Hutton Roof

This is Schmalhauseneii (hybrid) No. 17k
Photo: 20th May 2020 - Hutton Roof


Here we have a nice pair of E. Helleborines
Photo: 20th May 2020 - Hutton Roof



This is the small atrorubens with a lovely cream coloured epichile and boss
for the past 7 years
Photo: 20th May 2020 - Hutton Roof 


This is Schmal No. 9obviously been gnawed by some rodent
Photo: 20th May 2020 - Hutton Roof


 
This is a beauty from the 9s populations