Thursday, 20 June 2019

FRONT PAGE AND INDEX



I took this photo in 2012 and typical of what you expect of a atrorubens photo: B.Yorke  (Click over to enlarge)

"Flowers of a purple colour (both petal and sepal), flowers to two sides of the stem only, a purple stem, leaves opposite one another and at a sharp upright angle etc etc.  But things don't always turn out like that! so please carry on and read these pages and then you may (or may not find) norm even MORE fascinating" One thing is for sure IT IS A EVER CHANGING STORY.......OF BOTH DEVELOPMENT AND INTRIGUE.


These pages have been started to share with you my research notes together with regular reports of what is happening with the beautiful plants the "EPIPACTIS ATRORUBENS" and E. Helleborine's which choose to have their home on at Hutton Roof Crags. I am currently collating all the information and including much more on a regular basis (more so during the Orchid season itself, so please keep coming back to check us out.   

It is such a pleasure to share with you photos and information and should you wish to contact me with questions or anything else please don't hesitate my email address is:  epipactisatrorubens@gmail.com

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Please click over the indexed items below (shown in red) to go straight to what you want to read or just scroll down if that's what you prefer.


Hutton Roof Crags and it's Reserves - A Short history how it got it's status - together with how many orchids do we have  


Help with the Identification of our nationally rare "hybrid" between the Dark Red Helleborine and  the Broad Leaved Helleborine
which is called "EPIPACTIS SCHMALHAUSENEII"

to include a sketch showing comparisons between atrorubens, helleborine and schmalhauseneii
also a mention of and samples of using denticulation as a "supportive!" aide with identification.

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The four natural predators of our orchids  (complete)

Beware of Ticks (factsheets)

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Lovely Plants - Straight Atrorubens

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Bicolor Lemon-Petalled Atroruben varieties (at least 2 varieties)

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Lutescens/Albiflora (A pallid form of atrorubens) (complete)

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Pallens and Lutescens (pallid forms of atrorubens) (complete)

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Plants with White or Cream Epichile/Boss etc

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Variagated plants (variety of helleborine) (complete)

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Chlorantha (variety of helleborine) (complete)

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Purpurea (variety of helleborine)  (complete)

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The Westmorlandii (E.phyllanthes poss confusa) (complete)

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Epipactis Schmalhauseneii (the hybrid itself)

includes: Specimen 8,9,9a,10,15,16,70
also resulting "weak twisted stem specimens which maybe F1"


Interesting plants to get to the bottom of

Unanswered situations
Interesting unusual specimens
Specimens still not classified and the verdict is out!

Cages and Protection for Orchids

Early Purple Orchid - Gallery (Hutton Roof)

Fly Orchid - Gallery (Hutton Roof)

Common Spotted Orchid - Gallery (Hutton Roof)

Green Winged Orchid - Gallery (Silverdale)

Diary Pages 2017

Diary Pages 2018

Diary Pages 2019 



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My beloved Hutton Roof,
A special place for Epipactis and a place where
The straight forward has become the rarity
And the rarity has become the norm.

Rubens or Borines which do you want?
A Schmalhauseneii mix for you Sir!
Today can be the purple wash,
Tomorrow can be the green wash.

But we have some green ovary specials,
With a brownier flower to bear and stare,
Called No.9, 9a,9b,9c and so on and on and on
And away until they are gone!

We have some Lemon Petalled beauties,
Small, mediums and largest and blessed,
Green stems or purple stems we have the mix,
Stunning our pupil since 2014 that’s young

What about a Palens Ma’am,
In Lutescens mix or you can have a green cream flavour,
Both are staring “wimperley” but this is only part
Of a start of something far more special.

Here we have the very first on English soil I am told,
Called “Albiflora” and what a little gem it was
It lacks a lot of colour dear “Albi” green and  white,
I even looked through transparency at some of its sight!

Make a path to the bottom of this hill
Where flowers of purpurea live out their days,
It’s a sort of red wine colour they display some years,
Darker with canopy, lighter with sun.

To my North I can see a Helleborine change
Which is so pale and bright!
Often called a special or by name
Viridiflora’s sight.

(Poem I wrote July 2016)

Varietal forms of Epipactis atrorubens on Hutton Roof


Specimen 17d
(unamed variety)


Specimen 17d - Epipactis atrorubens
Photo taken on Hutton Roof 2017

This plant was discovered back in 2017 and came up as a lovely trio, 
yet sadly in 2018 the plant was affected by the severe drought which sent the plant into a dieback situation.  In 2019 it has come through but only as a single plant Nos 17e and 17f have now been lost. 

The variation is defined by several interesting pointers namely:

The outer sepals are showing mainly a light red general main colour and the outer petals show a yellowish background colour also slightly washed in a lighter red, although this shows lighter than the sepals. Also at the point of the tip is a light yellow. 

The inner sepals are showing a mixture of colour with a main medium red showing for 75% of the sepal with the final 25% is a yellow colour with slight red wash

The inner petals are showing a mixture of colour with a general mix of both red and yellow

The Epichile and fluffy bosses are predominently a cream colour in general with occasional tints here and there of lemon or pinkish/red. 

The hyperchile is a lemon colour on the outer with a dark brown inner. As a succulent look.

The ovaries stand out with a fine hairy ridged dark purple/brown with a look like a frost covering.

The pedicel  is of the same colour as the ovaries eg: dark purple/brown

The stem is light to mid green in colour covered with fine hairs with a look like a frost covering.

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Specimen Escarp West - Red Rib (bicolor)
(unamed variety)


Epipactis atrorubens (Click over to enlarge)
Photo: Hutton Roof on 13th July 2017

This is a lovely plant that comes through with similar form each year since finding back in July 2017.

The varietal form is determined with a bicolor form together with the expressive red/purple midrib showing down the centre of the yellow petals

The outer sepals are showing mainly a strong deep purplish red general main colour  the outer petals show a yellowish general background colour which then goes on to show a red/purple for about 25% at the base of the yellow petal, and then shows a strong purple/red central midrib line running along the centre of the petal.  

The ovaries stand out with a fine hairy ridged dark purple/brown with a look like a frost covering.

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Specimen Escarp 15
(unamed variety)


Epipactis atrorubens var: Escarp 15
Photo: Hutton Roof on 8th July 2017

This is a lovely little plant that came through back in 2017, although it has as yet not come through again. 

The varietal form is made up with yellow flowers, yet the epichile and bosses are made up in a more translucent light purple colour. Sadly the specimen was aged and more difficult to asses colour combinations.

The outer sepals are of yellow colour and more deepened darker than the sepals, in some instances the sepals are also showing a red wash covering over the yellow (but only recognised in one or two of the lower flower areas). The photo does show that small red dots could be present, but sadly cannot be confirmed from this photo.

The outer petals are distinctly a pallid yellow in appearance and are lighter in shade in contract to the sepals. There maybe limited red staining on the petals but think this is localised to the midrib area. 

The ovaries are ridged, and lemony green in appearance are also finely covered with light hairs giving the appearnce of frost.

The pedicel  is of the same colour as the ovaries eg: lemony green

The stem is light green in appearance are also finely covered with light hairs giving the appearance of frost.

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Specimen 17
(unamed variety)


Epipactis atrorubens var
Photo: Hutton Roof on 12th July 2017

This is specimen No.17 a lovely specimen which does not seem to have come through in both 2018 or 2019

The varietal form is made up of a light red wash covering the underlying yellow showing through in both sepal and petal, standing out against a light green lightly hairy ovary and stem.

The outer sepal - is showing a lightly red wash covering a underlying main yellow coloured sepal with increased red line division features especially noticed in the upper sepal

The outer petal  - is yellow at the very tip with a slightly underlying main colour then washed with a light red wash throughout.

The epichile and bosses - are a pinky colour to the outer sides of the epichile, whilst a more pinky red colour could describe the ruffled bosses

The hyperchile - is lemon colour and succulent texture

The ovary - is a lemon green colour 

The stem - is a light green

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Specimen: Albiflora
(named variety)


Epipactis atrorubens var Albiflora
Photo: Hutton Roof on 10th July 2016

This is a beautiful pallid variety named as Albiflora. I first found this plant on 1st July 2017, on visiting again on the 7th July along with Grahame Preston and on his suggestion, it was agreed the flower was representative of this variety and subsequently there on named 'albiflora'

The varietal form is made up of pallid features and colours with the upper plant showing of green, white and transparent, although in the lower section of the plant you do get red/purple on the lower stems and especially to the basal leaf areas etc


Outer sepal - Light green

Outer petal - Light green
Inner sepal - Light lemony/green
Inner petal - Light lemony/green

Epichile is white with white bosses and much serrated at lip

Anther is yellow
Pollinia is white
Viscidium is transparent
Hyperchile is lemon/green and succulent textured

Ovary is ridged light green with hairs giving frosty appearance
Pedicel is light green same follow in colour as ovary
Stem is Light Green and light hairs giving frosty appearance

Lower features:
Red staining to the lower stem approx 3" of the stem with further small red smudge trace at second stem/joint and a typical atrorubens basal leaf much stained to a purple/red

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Specimen 73a
(unamed variation)


Epipactis atrorubens var:
Photo: Hutton Roof 11th July 2017

This beautiful plant turned up in 2017, but was not seen the following year, I first of all had it listed as our Lutescens No.2 simply because of its 'fine' stature and only growing to about 10" and with strong similarity to the other one I initially called Lutescens especially because of it showing a cream epichile and bosses. 

The varietal forms are shown with a true bi-color flower together with a cream coloured epichile and boss, with  ridged ovary base colour of green with slight red wash. 

Outer sepals: light purplish/red
Outer petals: pale yellow with washed red to 25% of lower base and also a slight red line to mid-rib
Inner Sepal: lightly red washed
Inner Petal: light Yellow 
Outer hyperchile: Lemon with succulent texture
Epichile and Bosses: Cream
Ovarys: base light green lightly washed with red giving it a brown look
Stem mid-green

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Specimen 73b
(unamed variety)






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Specimen 74 (bicolor)
(unamed variety)



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Specimen 9?



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Specimen 55a No.2



Specimen ?
(Unamed variety)



Specimen ?
(Unamed variety)






Wednesday, 9 January 2019

Fly Orchid Gallery (Hutton Roof)



Thursday 7th June 2018 - Hutton Roof
  with Mike W (Newbiggin)
 checking out area No.10 "Fly Orchid"
 populations 


A beautiful spike of about 12" 


A lovely variety of Fly Orchid found on the same spike (Click over to enlarge)

One of our garden views today

Wednesday 6th June 2018 - Hutton Roof East -
 Checking out No 4 "Fly Orchid" population 


Another of the Fly Orchids today
Tuesday 5th June 2018 - Hutton Roof "
Checking out No 6 "Fly Orchid" population (below)

Fly Orchid from No.6 site on Hutton Roof today (Click over to enlarge)
Sunday 3rd June 2018 - Hutton Roof
 "Surveying Fly Orchids" 1100hrs to 1400hrs

One of todays Fly Orchids Hutton Roof 
also more close up photo below



Saturday 2nd June 2018 - Hutton Roof
  "Surveying Fly Orchids" with Dr. Richard Bate



My survey brought even more orchids in to the records with a 50%
of the set out area covered increasing the tally on this side to 53 spikes.
 Some of these are fabulous patterns on them.

A wet Fly Orchid 

Fly Orchid on 2nd June 2018
Thursday 31st May 2018 - Hutton Roof 
with David Pitman (Fylde) FLY ORCHIDS

A bunch of Fly Orchids on Hutton Roof (Click to enlarge)


New populations of Fly Orchids on Hutton Roof

Monday, 7 January 2019

GREEN WINGED ORCHID GALLERY (SILVERDALE)



2019 photos


The Lots, Silverdale - Green Winged Orchids

Saturday 11th May 2019  The Lots at Silverdale followed by Warton Crag


Several variations of Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchids) on the Lots at Silverdale 11th May 2019

The Lots - Silverdale (Click over to enlarge)
Here are some of the views today with Green Winged Orchida.

Some photos from my last visit of the year for this species, quite a lot have now already gone over and same applies with the orchis masula (Early Purple Orchid.

 Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) - Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots Silverdale 11th May 2019


Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) - Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots Silverdale 11th May 2019

Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) - Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots Silverdale 11th May 2019

 Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) - Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots Silverdale 11th May 2019


 Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) - Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots Silverdale 11th May 2019


Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) - Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots Silverdale 11th May 2019


Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) - Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots Silverdale 11th May 2019


Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) - Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots Silverdale 11th May 2019


 Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) - Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots Silverdale 11th May 2019


Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) - Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots Silverdale 11th May 2019


Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) - Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots Silverdale 11th May 2019


Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) - Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots Silverdale 11th May 2019


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6th May 2019


 Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots, Silverdale (NT) 6th May 2019



 Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots, Silverdale (NT) 6th May 2019


 Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots, Silverdale (NT) 6th May 2019

Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots, Silverdale (NT) 6th May 2019

Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots, Silverdale (NT) 6th May 2019

Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots, Silverdale (NT) 6th May 2019

 Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots, Silverdale (NT) 6th May 2019

 Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots, Silverdale (NT) 6th May 2019


 Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots, Silverdale (NT) 6th May 2019

Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots, Silverdale (NT) 6th May 2019

 Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots, Silverdale (NT) 6th May 2019

 Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots, Silverdale (NT) 6th May 2019


 Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots, Silverdale (NT) 6th May 2019


Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots, Silverdale (NT) 6th May 2019

Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots, Silverdale (NT) 6th May 2019

Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots, Silverdale (NT) 6th May 2019


5th May 2019



Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots, Silverdale 5th May 2019

Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots, Silverdale 5th May 2019

Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots, Silverdale 5th May 2019

Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots, Silverdale 5th May 2019

Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots, Silverdale 5th May 2019

Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots, Silverdale 5th May 2019

Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots, Silverdale 5th May 2019

Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) Click over to enlarge
Photo: The Lots, Silverdale 5th May 2019

10th April 2019


Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) Click over to enlarge
Photo: Silverdale Lots 10th April 2019

Anacamptis morio (Green Winged Orchid) Click over to enlarge
Photo: Silverdale Lots 10th April 2019

8th April 2019 - Silverdale



20th May 2018 - Silverdale


8th May 2018 - Silverdale