Saturday 14th July 2018 - Hutton Roof "Checking out the Helleborines"
I did my final check out yesterday, just to see if any of the "helleborines" had survived, but it turned out just has I had imagined and not one of the 160 approx in my recent study area have made it. There were three that did manage some of their lower flowers, but even these plants were still showing bent over plumes (stage 2). The remainder had or were all suffering from the recent severe dehydration problems encountered. It was very depressing to see just how things have turned out with both the Atrorubens and the Helleborines.
A glimmer of hope was seeing a couple of atrorubens specimens at the 9s area that did show very fat ovaries (see photo below), sadly this was not to be repeated throughout the study areas but just occasionally.
I did notice that quite a few of both atroruben and helleborine specimens were lent over as though they had been trampled on, but on closer examination you could actually just pull them away from the ground and the problem was that they had died from the ground level due to severe dehydration or burn at the point where the stem just starts to leave the ground.
I thought we had got away with aphid infestation this year having not seen any prior evidence until today that is! And today I noticed at least 3 plants suffering from this. Mainly we see black ants although on occasions it is the brown ants.
Monday 9th July 2018 - Hutton Roof "Summary of 2018 outcome" in regards to the Orchids on my study area:
(Click over to enlarge)
Area 33 is a special area and most of the plants have succeeded to flower this year.
This includes the main No.33 specimen and its spin offs 33c and the two
light and dark back to backs 33e and 33f. There have been four caged
specimens this year and no predation grazing to my knowledge.
Sadly all specimens have gone over early because of the extreme weather
conditions this year. I have yet to establish the fertilization outcome
and whether the ovaries will succeed in any plants! It is my intentions
to remove the cages in the next fortnight to save any leaching
from the cages during the late summer or
(Click over to enlarge)
Area 55 is a fabulous area which produces some of the best Orchids
with 55b the lemon-petalled with light green stem, also a really tall
No.55 lemon-petalled. A superb Palans and 55a2 which is a lovely
plant with white epichile and boss. Also the area has in the past
offered the rare albiflora. Most of the orchids have done OK with
no predation recorded. 4 caged items. Obvious dehydration showing
throughout and will need to check how well fertilization has been
over the coming weeks. Removal of cages shortly to save any
(Click over to enlarge)
This is the "variagated" area which holds the rare "variagated"
helleborine found three years ago, it also has a very strong helleborine.
Also one Schmalhauseneii to the right of the variated and also several
small weak atrorubens to the left area of the variagated.
Sadly this year (2018) the varigated never succeeded
with just showing a couple of basal leaves before dieback
at around mid to late June. The specimen was caged however
at sometime over the winter the cattle had disturbed the cage
and whether this had something to do with the a disturbance.
Area Cove near 40s
(Click over to enlarge) The small cove area holds a fabulous "Purpurea" helleborine
to the LH side at the base of the trees, although this one
this year is suffering from dieback because of dehydration
(about the 3rd week in June), the second helleborine to the right
hand is a lovely "white" almost chlorantha specimen which went
down to deer predation (mid June) and the small helleborine
to the LH front also went down with dieback (again about
the 3rd week in June through severe dehydration). Most of the atrorubens
came through OK and did flower, but quickly went over
The most beautiful lemon-petalled duo on purple stems,
both marked xx to the centre rear of the photo suffered
for a further year, this time NOT deer predation, but dieback
from about the third week in June due to severe heat. They got
to stage two with drooping heads and that is how they have
remained since but obviously receding by the day. The atrorubens
to their left did well and produced some really nice light purple
flowers, other atrorubens like the ones in the front have been hit and miss.
A nice "Helleborine" shown by the side of my notepad sadly
went down with dieback. The 40s are caged which will be removed
in the coming weeks.
(Click over to enlarge)
This particular area 15 is associated very much with hybrid (Schmalhauseneii plants),
unfortunately this year in particular has been a disaster for most of the strong
build plants for obvious reasons of them needing far more water than the
nominal plant and subsequently they have suffered greatly from die-back. 15,15a,15b
which I think are the influencing schmals for the local area stopped
in stage 2 with drooping heads and started to recede. 15g which are a duo again
presumed direct from 15 just remained stunted from the start and dieback from
about the middle of June. 15c was successful and raised flowers but in a very much
stunted fashion with a height reduce of some 8" and also instead of 62 flower/buds
like last year, this year you only got about 15 ish! All others in the area did
suffer from dieback in one way or another - NO predation this year.
Area - Just after 15s and start of Escarp
This is the small area following on from 15s and before the escarpment.
Always productive with both good helleborines and atrorubens.
You can see to the right just at the edge of Juniper is a beautiful "Chlorantha"
but sadly this year the plant never got going and has only thrown
up the basal leaves which eventually started to recede. A good helleborine
to the left of my bag seems to be OK (to say it is out in the open)
and has just reached stage 3 so hopefully a little bit of rain
might just allow it to continue growing. The odd atrorubens have
been OK although obviously gone over now. No predated monitored in this area.
Area: Escarp 1 (7,10,12,13 etc)
This is the start of the Escarp 1 area with our most significant specimens showing
the 7 and 7a were taken down very early by deer predation. The three 10 specimens
all failed because of severe dehydration and remained in stage 2 with bent over
heads and now receding back to earth. 11 was OK but weakened down this year, 12
did fabulous has it always does, but eventually predated by Roe Deer . All
Heleborines suffered with dieback caused through dehydration. We did have a
few atrorubens that did make it but soon went over.
Area: Escarp 2 (Palans Esc8 and grouped atrorubens)
This is a nice area Escarp 2 which does have a lovely Palans specimen
which I call Escarp 8. This year sadly it never made it and had some damage which must have
occurred at lower ground level and the specimen only grow to the basal leave stage before
dieback occurred - think it must have been predation by slugs or maybe the base of the
plant had been slightly disturbed or something. Where you can see all the dotted
atrorubens was a fairly good area this year compared with most when its usual for the
roe deer to take them all down but this year just got one or two.
Area 17 (part 1) (Triple light)
This is part of the Area 17 (Click over to enlarge)
The light trio d,e,f, have been caged and this year survived throughout although f never showed
any flower head, but d and e flowered magnificent. One specimen took down with deer,
but several taken down with dieback because of the severe dehydration and this included
several of our larger hybrids in this eg: 5 specimens. Some of the smaller regular
atrorubens did OK.
Area 17 part 2
This is the other part of Area 17s (part 2) and shows the larger hybrids 17o,p.q.n
which all have been lost by dieback at stage 2 with drooping heads. However we do
normally lose these anyway to Brown Hare although this year I have had them
caged and so its been won predation lost to dehydration.
Area: 9s (central)
This is part of Area 9 (the main part but only 1/5th of the total area) (Click over to enlarge)
You can see from this it is a superb area with Schmals, Palans and some straight forward
lovely specimens of atrorubens. 11 and Palans 9 were taken down by Roe Deer. But most
of the others remained OK, All plants survived the weather and flowered and on
checking the ovaries it looks like they are doing well. Really surprising to say they are
in the complete open and would have got the brunt of the sunshine.
Saturday 7th July 2018 - Hutton Roof - Recording Orchids etc 0900hrs to 1400hrs
Sweltering temperatures as usual, but decided to do a bit of recording this morning to check how the status of the Orchid fields were doing, but before that I did manage to take one or two more photos as shown below:
|Atrorubens suffering from "Burn" (Click over to enlarge)|
|Just a nice atrorubens still coming through near to Specimen 8|
|This was the beautiful 40s Atrorubens duo which went into "dieback" at stage 2|
Thursday 5th July 2018 - Hutton Roof - Lancelot etc- found 1st flowering Helleborine
|A nice lighter specimen found on Lancelot Clark Storth|
Tuesday 3rd July 2018 - Hutton Roof checking out orchids with photos etc 0900hrs to 1100hrs
There can't be much left now to be honest, these may well be the last photos of decent atrorubens. I will go out over the coming days just to make sure and also to take photos of just how the specimens have faired for the records. Here is todays:
|This is how Specimen Schmalhauseneii No.8 looked in 2014|
This is 17p showing today which is considered a hybrid - along with its close neighbours
|I am well pleased with this new "Palans" found yesterday which is a rather weak specimen but|
certainly worth keeping a eye on for next year.
Again sweltering up there and the heat is bouncing back off the limestone, but did a simple check out of the regulars at 33,55,15, all escarpment specimens etc and here are some of the photos today:
|This is Specimen Escarp 12 which is considered a Schmalhauseneii (Click over to enlarge)|
This one always seems to do OK its sort of hidden
|Again Specimen 12 close up (Click over photo to enlarge)|
|Just found this one hiding behind a hazel (Click over to enlarge)|
A beautiful little specimen but struggled to get focus.
Sunday 1st July 2018 - Hutton Roof checking out orchids with Mr and Mrs. Alan S. 1000hrs to 1400hrs
Recorded for the first time, shows beautiful coloured epichile. It has
arrived from the 55 family which has plenty of Lemon - Petal in its makeup
Saturday 30th June 2018 - Hutton Roof checking out and photographing atrorubens etc
(0600hrs to 1000hrs
Some real beauties today:
|A lovely contrasting plant from area 9 (Click over to enlarge)|
|What a beauty! from area 55 (Click over to enlarge)|
|Lies within 2 metre of Specimen 33|
|This is the beautiful 55b which got burnt at the tips a week or so ago and surprisingly|
all the burnt tips are making a "sort of" recovery as you can see in this photo
(Click over to enlarge)
|And this was the same plant 15C last year bearing 62 flowers/buds and standing at about 15 1/2"|
Lets hope it goes back to this next year!! (Click over to enlarge)
|Another beauty from the area 55 (Click over to enlarge)|
|This is a cracker called Escarp 13 and has been took out every year but this year it has been|
awarded the best protection cage on the market!! and also it gets the little drink of water
which none of the others get!
|This is 17d out of a trio (Click over to enlarge)|
|The beautiful 70 (Click over to enlarge)|
normally a little more cherry red in the flower but all can be forgiven this year!!
|Our rare Lutescen No. 1 still doing OK but getting more red on the epichile!|
(Click over to enlarge)
Thursday 28th June 2018 - Hutton Roof and coming back via Lancelot Clark Storth (CWT) 0900hrs to 1430hrs
Spent most of the time checking out our wonderful Orchids and everything else. I had the following beautiful Chaser in Lancelot.
|"Lets get it together and create a "schmalhauseneii"|
I have several photographs which show similar situations as in this photo of both species Broad Leaved Helleborine (top left) and Dark Red Helleborine (bottom right) and it's no wonder we have so much going on up on Hutton Roof eg: HYBRIDS!
|One from the Escarpment block. Very light coloured and stands|
next to a dark red specimen. Interesting on the Epichile/boss which
always come through light pink to light purple side
|A lovely dark atroruben which lies on the escarpment and is already showing lots|
of lemon petalled features - should be a stunner when this comes out (a couple of days)
|Our beautiful 55b now showing well, and even the burnt buds at the tips have somehow|
miraculously come through in a reasonable state
|A specimen which lies directly behind 33|
Wednesday 27th June 2018 - Checking out orchids on Hutton Roof 0900hrs to 1130hrs with Martin and Eleanor
Checking out a section of the orchids. Thankfully although 55b (was 66) got burnt on the edge of the plume the plant is coming through OK and here is a photo:
|Specimen 55b (was originally 66) is doing well and is yet again coming through|
with a creamish epichile and bosses with flecked red. You can also see just a hint of the
apple green showing through on the tip of the epichile.
|What I would call "a little beauty"|
Another one of our best "Palans" variety got the chop today having been nipped off by Roe Deer. Again it had managed to get it through the large openings within the cages.
Monday 25th June 2018 - Checking out orchids on Hutton Roof 0900hrs to 1100hrs
Managed to find the "Red Ribbed" specimen which was out in flower
|Schmal 10 - now both been predated, This is whats left of Schmal 10 duo which have been predated by Roe Deer - through our cage (somehow!)|
|15g duo - which shows one predated and the other receding (stunted atrorubens)|
Monday 25th June 2018 - Hutton Roof Orchids
"drying out" signs of dehydration throughout with some specimens drying out even at the plume stage and others that have managed to flower will go over within a couple of days
Saturday 23rd June 2018 - Hutton Roof - Checking out orchids etc 0930hrs to 1400hrs
Some of our little beauties today.
|Epipactis atrorubens today on Hutton Roof (Click over to enlarge)|
|9b - light green stem with very dark flowers (thought to have come from parent No.9)|
|A close up of 9b today 23rd June 2018 - Click over to enlarge|
|This beautiful atrorubens is on the escarpment very close to 2 schmals.|
|This is the rare "Albiflora" today and its becoming quite obvious it is again not going to do|
anything this year with no flowerhead forming.
Thursday 21st June 2018 - Hutton Roof - Checking up and photographing etc 0930hrs to 1400hrs
|This is Schmalhauseneii Specimen No.1 today and is on a totally different pavement to the rest.|
First found in 2012 and has come up every year since. It is protected in a deep 18" grike.
Tuesday 19th June 2018 - Hutton Roof - taking up 4 cages and setting on large helleborines and checking out 1000hrs to 1300hrs
This is 33f (the light green one on the left) and always comes through as a duo with this standard? plant growing alongside it (to it's right), and this example is again replicated with a similar pair which grow about 4ft away. In both examples the plants never seem to grow much above 10" in height, but very interesting that you get this mixed combination so close together (eg: twice tandem). I am of the strong opinion that the plants themselves do hold "hybrid" genes and probably would be candidates for schmalhauseneii, or even moving on a stage further and that they could even be F2 breed backs. And with their being two almost identical pairs within the suspected family group, I suppose the area could be considered for a "swarm" area. I do suspect the main plant (possible parentage) comes from Specimen No.33 which is a tall Schmalhauseneii and shown in this next photo. This plant is approx 5ft away from the above pair. Although I suspect 33 is the parent there are other possible candidates in the same given area especially 33c and possibly 33b. Why I mention this is that these two specimens do not hold the cream epichile and bosses as we have got with 33 and this by the way is not replicated in the 33f specimen which will come through with a light pink outcome.
This is Specimen 33 and considered to be a schmalhauseneii. It has just gone into stage 3 or straightening up and stands at approx 3ft (as at 19th June 2018). The past two years it has produced both epichile and bosses as a cream feature. There is also close by yet another plant considered to be a schmal and named 33c which is caged and doing extremely well (this one does not have any cream features). The whole local area of approx 15ft diameter radius holds some very interesting plants. The cream feature (eg Epichile and Boss) is very interesting and rare and seen only in three separate plants in total on the whole of the Hutton Roof study area. Although I call it a "cream feature" which predominately it is, you can see traces of a light pink flush and also to the lower section a light green apple colour flush, which could well be taken as yet another "helleborine" influence. Also of interest is that in all three plants they all have the lemon petalled affiliation. I am sure I will be returning to the 33 family very soon.
This beautiful example of a schmal (specimen 8) above was photographed in 2014 and was later predated in 2015 by a large swarm of Black Aphids which sucked the plant dry, killing it off. Since then the plant has tried to make a annual re-appearance in follow on years but has failed with just the two bottom leaves forming. But this year (2018 and 3 years on) the plant is doing OK and coming through well. So hopefully we may just have a photo to share at a later date.
Monday 18th June 2018 Hutton Roof - taking up 4 cages and setting on large helleborines and inspection of others 0900hrs to 1100hrs "First flowers showing"
Very windy, cloudy with odd intermittent sunshine. A rather disappointing morning on checking out lots of the helleborines. A couple are now starting to come through as you can see in the above photos, but it will be about one more week to ten days before most of them are showing.
I took up a further four cages and set them all on Broad Leaved Helleborines. Already I have noticed that one (uncaged) really splendid specimen has been taken down by deer in the last day or two, also had a atrorubens taken down through a cage!
The most disappointing thing was to note that 3 of our top specimens (all residing in the same area) are already showing burnt tips to their plumes and I can't really see them making anything this year. This applies to 55,55b and 55c - (see following photos below). I am sure that this must be something to do with the prolonged hot weather we had during both May and early June, other things are also coming to light such as "OK at first but now gone into a stunted growth within our bolder/larger specimens (mainly within our suspected schmalhauseneii hybrids, but not all hybrids), neither am I seeing this within our more standard or frail specimens, all seems OK and on target with those.
|No.55 today 18th June 2018|
|55b today 18th June 2018|
|55c today 18th June 2018|
|Specimen 15c Schmalhauseneii taken on 18th June 2018 (stunted!)|
Let me now show you how the same planted looked back in 2017
Here are the newly caged today Epipactis Helleborines (Click over to enlarge):
Now moving on to today's predation:
Just shows you the Brown Hare will take plants occasionally from caged specimens - this was a great plant our Schmalhauseneii No.10. but he has not taken the partner.
and finally today a photo showing the state of the variagated (humbug) this year and unfortunately its becoming more obvious by the day that it will do nothing this year.
Monday 11th June 2018 Hutton Roof - taking up and setting 3 new cages 0900hrs to 1100hrs
I first went back to 15c and gave him a upgrade which you can see below, then came across to both 55 and 66 and gave them also upgrades with the better cages, then went across to area 17 and caged 17t, 17n and 17o, and then across to the large copse and caged a trio of helleborines which fall victim every year.
|17c in his new upgraded cage (11th June 2018)|
|55 in his upgraded cage|
|Specimen 66 in his upgraded cage|
|Close up of Specimen 66|
|17o Schmal - note the really purple basal and then the wide lower leaf|
|3 large Helleborines caged - always predated so we will see if a cage helps|
Thursday 7th June 2018 - Hutton Roof - checking out rare Epipactis 0930hrs to 1400hrs
Schmalhauseneii specimen no 33 is coming on leaps and bounds, just like most of them. This weather is bringing them on sooner but also we are lacking water up there and the ground crunches as though parched! I reckon the specimen now stands at about 12" or maybe a little taller.
|Specimen No.33 (schmalhauseneii) now standing at about 12"|
|Schmal 33 - main plant|
This is the main plant of the area and considered to be the parent
Its come up this year as a duo which is regular
considered to be a schmal and taken directly from the 33 parent
|55o a strong atroruben specimen, taken down last year with "burn"|
A beautiful plant Epipactis Helleborine - viridflora or chlorantha which ever name you may wish to chose,
but it is a very light phase of just white and green all showing well on 4th June 2018
A small version of the light phase helleborine and showing well as of today 4th June 2018
|Escarp 7 is a suspected Schmal, in fact all the good specimens in this area are also suspect.|
This year again this particular specimen has come through as a duo. Within a couple of metre
we also have Escarp 10 and 10B which are also schmals.
|Escarp 8 pallans variety which is green and cream|
Epichile and bosses are cream, but if you look close you will see red dots and dash
to the left is a straight atrorubens, to the right is the rare Pallans
|Escarp 10 - another great schmal which has come through this year as a duo|
|Escarp 10b - new this year and thought to have come through from 10|
which should make it a schmalhauseneii
|Escarp 13 - large lemon-petalled taken down last year - really tall beautiful plant|
|Schmal 8 stone cage|
|Schmal 8 in its prime back in 2014|
Thursday 31st May 2018 - Erecting cages on rare orchids and checking out others etc
I can't believe how quick everything is moving along and lots of our atrorubens are now at stage two and showing their drooping heads just like this photo taken today:
|Atrorubens entering stage 2 and now showing their drooping heads|
|Specimen 55e - Light green stem possible schmalhauseneii|
|Specimen 55c - another lempet and interesting|
|A quick check on "Albiflora"|
|Spec 15g duo and thought to be from the closeby 15,a,b and 15c family|
|Here is the "Varigated" Helleborine coming through on its third year - NICE ONE!|
Tuesday 29th May 2018 - Erecting Cages on rare orchids (0900hrs to 1130hrs)
This morning was set aside to take more cages up on Hutton Roof to erect around 15c, 11b, plus two others. All cages kindly supplied by Alan Gendle
|The next cage went to cover this small shoot which could go 50/50|
between a straight Epipactis Helleborine or what I am sure could well be something
really special - but very early days! - the coming fortnight will give the answers -I hope!
|This is 11b which did well last year - considered a possible schmal and did have a fully light lemony green stem. The|
plant sits directly across from its suggested parent plant No.11 - both parent and offspring are now protected with cages.
More photos of some beautiful specimens on their way which I took this morning.
Monday 28th May 2018 - Erecting Cages on rare orchids (1400hrs to 1600hrs)
|The early atrorubens has of today at about 8" and it wont be long now before it enters|
stage 2 when you will start to see the "drooping head". This specimen example was also
shown has the very first of the year on 22nd May 2018
Four more of our special plants have received protective cages today, which have been kindly supplied by Alan Gendle. Specimens 33f, 55, 66 and 40s duo - photos below
|Specimen 33f believe or not is a schmal and a straight atrorubens next to it. You can already see the marked difference|
in colour etc. Received a protection cage today
|Specimen 55 - Large Lemon Petalled - received a protection cage today|
|Specimen 66 Lemon-Petalled on green stem - received a protective cage today|
|Specimens 40's duo - received a protective cage today|
Friday 25th May 2018 - Hutton Roof "Caging off four plants" (0900hrs to 1100hrs)
Today the weather had changed a bit with far more wind about and very dark clouds overhead, but I managed to get my bits and pieces done before it actually started raining at 1130hrs.
My main intention was to get back up on the fell to place some protective cages over four of the plants which you can see the photos below. All cages kindly supplied by Alan Gendle
|Protecting a new shoot (Click over to enlarge)|
|Now a cage protecting 17d,e,f - a light phase Atrorubens trio with cream epichiles and bosses|
|A cage now around the stalwarts 15a,b and c which the Hares have got at every year!|
|Escarp 13 which is one of the tallest and strongest lemon petalled which gets taken down|
every year, so lets see if a cage will make the difference.
|A nice fresh specimen - up near the 40's duo|
|Escarp 7 which is showing a additional this year (eg: 7a) (Schmals)|
|Escarp 10 (Schmal)|
It might be early days yet it looks bad for my specimen 40 which does not seem to be showing this year, It seems to be constantly predated by Hares for the past two years, but this is how it used to look several years ago
|Specimen 40 a few years back|
|Specimen 15c last year with 62 flowers|
Other than these two hiccups most of the other plants are showing really strong shoots and it looks like we might just do well this year. This plant only came through for the first time last year and is without doubt a spin off from nearby (20ft away) 15,15a,15b you can tell by the build of the plant and its characteristics it is very similar (below is a photo of the others from about 4 years ago) If you look at the plume build you will even note the similarity of alignment from the top of the plume to the lower with both the original (seen below) and the new 15c (seen above) you notice the kink to the LH at the top then straight then slight bend to the left and then straight down and then to the right which is almost replicated in both examples
|All renamed to: 15,15a and now a 15b|
(Click over to enlarge)
|This was Schmalhauseneii No.1 yesterday, it is now|
in it's 7th year for a schmal which perhaps
could well be a record
Thursday 24th May 2018 - Hutton Roof "Several first showings both Atrorubens and Helleborine"
I was surprised to see just how things had progressed in the last couple of days, with most atrorubens now starting to show with some much bigger specimens than others. But also pleased to see this year my first helleborine and also to see that the mega rare albiflora has got some growth this year, although I am wondering if it is reverting back to atrorubens with all the "red" colour showing, we will have to see just how it turns out!
|Specimen 33 - A schmalhauseneii today 24th May 2018|
|Specimen 33 - A schmalhauseneii (lempet) 7th July 2017)|
|Specimen 66 lemon-petalled on green stem today 24th May 2018|
|Specimen 66 lemon-petalled on green stem taken 24th July 2015|
|Specimen 55 as of today 24th May 2018|
|Specimen 55 taken on 2nd July 2017|
|Specimen "Albiflora" as of today 2018|
|July 7th 2016 - specimen Albiflora|
Tuesday 22nd May 2018 - Hutton Roof "Very first Atrorubens shoots"
This is a example I found yesterday (22nd May 2018) of the very first Epipactis atrorubens starting to come through. I have had up to 3 showing and they are at about 4" high. I can't be sure but expect perhaps they could be up to 10 days earlier this year. (a update of the same plant is also shown on the diary pages of the 28th May 2018)